The European project Symbiorem studies the simultaneous use of two or more bioremediation technologies to revitalize soils, sediments, surface water and groundwater.
Soil, sediment and water contamination is a problem that affects the quality of life, human health and the environment. There are different treatments to solve it, among them bioremediation, which is a sustainable and ecological technique that uses microorganisms, plants and animals to help revitalize ecosystems.
With the aim of researching and developing a variety of innovative bioremediation technologies and analyzing the efficiency of the treatment, using integrated combinations of two or more technologies, the European project Symbiorem arises, in which the GAIKER Technology Center, member of the Basque Research & Technology Alliance, BRTA, participates.
The aim of this research is to improve the efficiency, sustainability, circularity and profitability of bioremediation and revitalization strategies for soils, sediments, surface water and groundwater.
Pollution is a global problem that requires coordinated and joint efforts for its prevention and solution. Currently, to restore ecosystems, in addition to chemical and physical remediation treatments, which often produce negative effects and are not sufficient, bioremediation strategies using a single technology are employed, which is also ineffective at sites with complex contamination. Therefore, the European project Symbiorem is looking at combining the use of two or more technologies.
This research introduces the concept of circular bioremediation system and is working on the development of twelve new technologies based on the use of microorganisms, microbiomes, enzymes, fungi, plants and aquatic animals selected to treat eight types of simple and mixed pollution, including the most common soil and water pollutants such as heavy metals, mineral oil, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and volatile aromatic hydrocarbons (VAH).
The GAIKER Technology Center coordinates the work package dedicated to the development of bioremediation and remediation strategies applied to contaminated soils. It will work on the isolation of indigenous hydrocarbon degrading microorganisms and the evaluation of the remediation properties of the isolated microorganisms. It will also participate in the design, development and optimization of biostimulation and cellular bioaugmentation treatments.
Likewise, GAIKER will address the task of genetic bioaugmentation, with the study of microorganism modification to improve the metabolic pathways of hydrocarbon degradation while granting them auxotrophic properties to increase the safety of their application in natural environments.
Funded by the European Union’s Horizon Europe program and coordinated by the University of the Basque Country, this project will end in 2026.